Fungal Genomes in Drug Discovery: Application of CETSA® to Study the Mechanism of Action of Brefeldin A
In this webinar, you will find the details of the project where CETSA® Explore was leveraged to study the biological mechanism of the fungal polyketide lactone Brefeldin A (BFA) in human THP-1 cells.
Fungal genomes encode a vast collection of chemical diversity that has evolved over millions of years to engage specific targets and modulate diverse biological processes. These Genetically Encoded small Molecules (GEMs) constitute a largely untapped source of potential therapeutics. Although fungal GEMs such as cyclosporine, lovastatin, and penicillin have revolutionized modern medicine, these GEMs were discovered serendipitously through bioactivity-guided fractionation of fungal extracts.
Date: 25 July 2023
Moderator: Renato Alves, Project Advisor, Pelago Bioscience
Presenter: Ben Fontaine, Senior Scientist, LifeMine Therapeutics
LifeMine Therapeutics leveraged CETSA® Explore to study the biological mechanism of the fungal polyketide lactone Brefeldin A (BFA) in human THP-1 cells. This GEM, originally isolated from the filamentous fungus Penicillium brefeldianis, inhibits protein trafficking between the endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi complex, eliciting antiviral, antifungal, and anticancer activity.
CETSA® profiling study confirmed the Golgi-associated guanine nucleotide exchange factor GBF1 as the primary target of BFA, validating the established mechanism of this GEM as an inhibitor of GBF1-mediated activation of the small GTPase ARF1. These results demonstrate the utility of integrating the LifeMine GEM discovery engine with downstream proteomic profiling technologies to facilitate the mechanistic characterization of fungal GEMs en route to novel therapeutics.